africanus (Dart, 1925) (including small brained australopithecines) (see books), H.

2 methods dating fossils-292 methods dating fossils-60

Once multicellular organisation became possible as atmospheric oxygen levels rose, the early multicellular organisms rapidly diverged into many adaptive forms.

Mass extinction events and an organism's unique adaptations mark the history of evolution, both of which may lead to adaptive radiation.

Radiocarbon Dating One method that scientists use to date ancient fossils and artifacts is called radiocarbon dating.

All living things on Earth are made up of a high percentage of an element called carbon.

sapiens (including Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon) (see the modern taxonomic classification of humans).

This formed the foundation of the neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory.( Adaptive radiation is the evolution from an unspecialised ancestral stock of many different species that adapt to a variety of ecological roles (see books)).Mammals and subsequently humanity may not have become dominant on earth had it not been for the global catastrophe that led to the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.Scientists now have accurate methods (see below ) for dating fossils.methods rely on characteristic faunal and geological patterns to bracket the period when the fossil existed.This environment has a living (other animals) and non-living component (e.g. Widgets A unique adaptation usually precedes the entry into a new niche .