From 1874, and particularly under Charles Stewart Parnell from 1880, the Irish Parliamentary Party gained prominence.This was firstly through widespread agrarian agitation via the Irish Land League, that won land reforms for tenants in the form of the Irish Land Acts, and secondly through its attempts to achieve Home Rule, via two unsuccessful bills which would have granted Ireland limited national autonomy.

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Onboard Oscar Wilde you have a range of dining options from our full service restaurant Berneval to self service and snack options.

You can even pre-book your family meal for 2 adults and 2 kids for just €29.95 Find out more The most recent addition to the fleet; Epsilon offers an economy class service on both the Dublin Port to Holyhead and Dublin Port to Cherbourg routes.

However, the Unionist movement had been growing since 1886 among Irish Protestants after the introduction of the first home rule bill, fearing discrimination and loss of economic and social privileges if Irish Catholics achieved real political power.

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century unionism was particularly strong in parts of Ulster, where industrialisation was more common in contrast to the more agrarian rest of the island.

This was halted by an unprecedented financial crisis that began in 2008, in conjunction with the concurrent global economic crash.

Ireland is again quickly ascending league tables comparing wealth and prosperity internationally.

Ireland became a member of the United Nations in December 1955.

It joined the European Economic Community (EEC), the predecessor of the European Union, in 1973.

These led to "grass-roots" control of national affairs, under the Local Government Act 1898, that had been in the hands of landlord-dominated grand juries of the Protestant Ascendancy.

Home Rule seemed certain when the Parliament Act 1911 abolished the veto of the House of Lords, and John Redmond secured the Third Home Rule Act in 1914.

For example, in 2015, Ireland was ranked as the joint sixth (with Germany) most developed country in the world by the United Nations Human Development Index.