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During the following centuries, Kyrenia is variously named on the maps as Ceraunia, Cerenis, Keronean, Kernia and Kerini.
At the same time, the road to the east was extended along the shore to Karpasia and Urania on the Karpas peninsula.
This is said to be the home of the mythical Ceryneian Hind from the 12 Labours of Hercules.
Sources only make mention of the castle in the year 1191, when Richard Lion-Heart captured the island twin cities dating sites.
They built their homes outside the city wall, which through time, neglect and disrepair, turned to ruin.
Hilarion dominates the town of Kyrenia and is visible for many miles along the coast.
The numerous tombs excavated and the rich archeological finds dating from this period indicate however, that Kyrenia continued to be a populous and prosperous town.
In the 2nd century BC, it is cited as one of six Cypriot towns which were benefactors to the Oracle at Delphi, that is, it received its special representatives who collected contributions and gifts.
However, with the advent of British rule, many Turkish Cypriots fled to Anatolia, and the town came to be predominantly inhabited by Greek Cypriots. Depending on the season, they exported wheat and olives, donkeys and goats and much more.. To the town s Greek and Turkish inhabitants were added many from Great Britain, who chose Kyrenia as their permanent place of residence.
Within its walls there is a 12th-century chapel containing reused late Roman capitols, and a shipwreck museum.
In 1922, the episcopal see of Kyrenia relocated back to the town after the completion of a new metropolitan building.
The Christian population was expelled from the fortified city, and no one was allowed to reside within the castle other than the artillerymen and their families.
During Lusignan rule, Buffavento Castle was a prison and called Chteau du Lion.