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The process involved tension and even conflicts within the community, but eventually, the community council established its rule and authority in the community.
The chief rabbi received his salary from the community and was de facto under the council's authority.
In the 19th century, hostility between the Druze and Maronites communities led many Jews to leave Deir al Qamar, with most moving to Hasbaya by the end of the century.
In 1911, Jews from Italy, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Egypt and Iran moved to Beirut, expanding the community there with more than 5,000 additional members.
The history of the Jews in Lebanon encompasses the presence of Jews in Lebanon stretching back to Biblical times.
Following large-scale emigration following the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and much more importantly the Lebanese Civil War, the vast majority of Lebanese Jews now live in Western countries and many live in Israel.
Following the Bar Kokhba Revolt against Rome in 132 CE, several Jewish communities were established in Lebanon.
Caliph Muawiya (642–680) established a Jewish community in Tripoli, Lebanon. The Jewish Academy was established in Tyre in 1071.
Its founder, influenced by the Ottoman reforms and by local cultural trends, aspired to create a modern yet Jewish school.
It offered both secular and strictly Jewish subjects as well as seven languages. The school was closed at the beginning of the 20th century due to financial hardships.
During this period, parts of modern Lebanon were under the control of Jerusalem, and Jews lived as far north as Baal-Hermon on the slopes of Mount Hermon (sometimes identified with Hasbaya, which once again became an important center of Jewish life in the first half of the 20th century).