It is normally enshrined in a different part of the Minor Basilica and is the actual image used in the three major processions.

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Attendees include families of devotees, tourists, and members of devotees' associations throughout the country and overseas, all carrying their long estandartes (religious gonfalon) usually coloured maroon or white and embroidered in gold and emblazoned with the image and the association name.

The Black Nazarene is borne in procession on the Ándas, and traditionally only men were permitted to be namámasán ("bearers", devotees pulling the wheeled Ándas by its two large ropes).

The image was made by an anonymous Mexican sculptor, and the image arrived in Manila via galleon from Acapulco, Mexico, on May 31, 1606. from Loyola School of Theology meanwhile noted that the image was not charred but in fact dark through to its core, as it was carved from mesquite wood.

Traditional accounts attribute the colour to votive candles burning before the image, although the most widespread belief is that it was charred by a fire on the galleon that brought it from Mexico. Vengco based this claim on personal research in Mexico, where he said the wood was a popular medium in the period the image was carved.

He also likened it to Our Lady of Antipolo, another popular image of similar provenance and appearance.

Originally, the image from Mexico (which belonged to the Recollects) was enshrined in the retablo mayor (high altar) of the Church of Saint Nicholas of Tolentino (also popularly known as "Recoletos Church", located a few distance away from modern-day Rizal Park) inside Intramuros.

In recent years, the processional route was altered due to a rise in accidents, to afford other neighbourhoods off the traditional route a chance to participate, and because of structural deficiencies in nearby bridges.

It is normally only a school holiday for the schools near the processional route, but for the first time in the city's history, Mayor of Manila Joseph Estrada in 2014 declared the day a special non-working holiday due to the impassability of some thoroughfares and projected congestion in others.

Both church and image perished during the bombardment and the flames of the Liberation of Manila in 1945.

A still-persistent common misconception is that the icon in Quiapo Church is the "lost" original image.

The image's wooden base is referred to as the peana, while its carriage or carroza used in processions is specifically called the Ándas (from the Spanish andar, "to move forward").