Egyptian immigrants and their American-born children have had little difficulty adjusting to American culture.

This is largely due to the strong educational background of most Egyptian Americans.

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While the majority left for economic or educational reasons, many Copts, Jews, and conservative Muslims emigrated because they were concerned about the political developments in Egypt.

Still, thousands of others left after Egypt's 1967 defeat in the Arab-Israeli War; approximately 15,000 Egyptians immigrated to the United States from 1967 to 1977.

Improved housing, transportation, and health care resulted in a significant increase in Egypt's population.

Despite the efforts of such leaders as Nasser (who tried to industrialize the country) and Anwar Sadat (who created an open economy) to modernize Egypt, inflation, overpopulation, and the general unrest in the Middle East have hindered the nation's progress.

Modern Egypt is the most populous and most advanced of the Arab nations.

Traditionally allied with the Arab cause, it is the seat of the League of Arab States.

This land was worked by the fellahin, who wielded two to three crops each season, usually keeping one-fourth to one-half of the harvest for themselves.

Agricultural reform did not take place until the latter half of the nineteenth century, when Egyptians began to grow cotton in an attempt to establish a market economy rather than simply growing food products.

However, when other world markets began producing cotton as well, the market suffered and the well-being of the Egyptian rural class greatly deteriorated.