The Danube River divides Hungary and bisects the capital, Budapest. The population was 10,065,000 in 1999, 48,000 less than it had been a year earlier. Covering an area of 35,934 square miles (93,030 square kilometers), the country is in the Carpathian Basin, surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains, the Alps, and the Dinaric Alps.

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In 1526, a young Hungarian king fell in a battle with the Ottoman Turks.

On the basis of a marriage contract, the Habsburgs claimed the Hungarian throne.

The red, white, and green flag also is a powerful national symbol.

The national anthem, written in 1823, is symbol of the eastern origins and history of the Hungarians in the form of a prayer that begs God to help the nation.

In the Middle Ages, groups and nationalities that were not ethnically Hungarian lived in the nation.

After the late Middle Ages, a dual national consciousness is demonstrable.

There are 80,000 to 110,000 Slovaks as well as about 35,000 Croatians, 15,000 to 25,000 Romanians, 80,000 to 100,000 Jews, and 5,000 Serbs. Hungarian belongs to the Ugor branch of the Finno-Ugric language family.

Before World War II, German was the most important and frequently used second language.

The gigantic painting entitled "The Arrival of the Hungarians" is another national symbol.