The initial settlement of Virginia was the work of private enterprise.Lacking the funds and political backing necessary to underwrite the great effort needed for such an undertaking, King James I granted huge tracts of land to the Virginia Company of London.

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The heat of sommer is in June, July, and August, but commonly the coole breeses asswage the vehemency of the heat.

The chiefe of winter is half December, January, February, and halfe March.

Chapter 4 deals specifically with the methods and techniques of data recovery that were used by Colonial Williamsburg's Department of Archaeological Research in the excavation of site 44JC647.

Chapter 5 describes the layers and features encountered, specifically examining soil chemistry and paleoethnobotanical remains.

Formed during the late Middle Pleistocene by the James River, the plain was subsequently severely eroded at its juncture with the river, causing high bluffs on either side of Grices Run (Oaks and Coch 1973). This type of soil usually retains a high water table, and is well suited for agriculture, pasture and growing trees (U. The heat of summer brings a bounty of insects, many that sustain themselves by feeding off the local fauna and archaeological excavators.

The soil complex around 44JC647 is a Slagel-Uchee with a 0 to 2% slope and is described by the U. Department of Agriculture as "Prime Farmland." By definition, such soils "produce the highest yields with minimal inputs of energy and economic resources, and farming these soils results in the least damage to the environment" (U. English colonization of the New World was the intellectual brainchild of Richard Hakluyt the Elder and his cousin Richard Hakluyt the Younger.Queen Elizabeth chose her confidant Sir Walter Raleigh to implement the task.Unfortunately, the first attempt, made at Roanoke Island between 15, ultimately failed.A poor relationship with the local Native American population, lack of proper leadership, and an unwillingness on the part of the majority of the settlers to work have been seen as major reasons for the abortive initial attempt (Morgan 1975).The Englishmen who sailed up the Powhatan (James) in the spring of 1607, past the marl cliffs at Martin's Hundred on their way to Jamestown Island, had some of the same expectations the Roanoke backers had some 22 years earlier.Unfortunately, they also had some of the same problems.