If you’re a keyboard player who plays in rock bands, I’m sure you are aware of some of the challenges we face.

Being the other, often secondary, source of chords and melody besides the all-important electric guitar means your playing can easily get lost in the mix, whether in the studio or onstage.

In a funky, almost clavinet-like way, you can dance around rock guitars rhythmically.4.

organ organ rock dating method-86

Studying the layers of rock or strata can also be useful. If a layer of rock containing the fossil is higher up in the sequence that another layer, you know that layer must be younger in age. This can often be complicated by the fact that geological forces can cause faulting and tilting of rocks.

Absolute dating is used to determine a precise age of a rock or fossil through radiometric dating methods.

So, often layers of volcanic rocks above and below the layers containing fossils can be dated to provide a date range for the fossil containing rocks.

The atoms in some chemical elements have different forms, called isotopes.

These isotopes break down at a constant rate over time through radioactive decay.

By measuring the ratio of the amount of the original (parent) isotope to the amount of the (daughter) isotopes that it breaks down into an age can be determined.

Typically commonly occurring fossils that had a widespread geographic distribution such as brachiopods, trilobites, and ammonites work best as index fossils.

If the fossil you are trying to date occurs alongside one of these index fossils, then the fossil you are dating must fall into the age range of the index fossil. In a hypothetical example, a rock formation contains fossils of a type of brachiopod known to occur between 410 and 420 million years.

Then after another 5,000 years half of the remaining parent isotope will have decayed.

While people are most familiar with carbon dating, carbon dating is rarely applicable to fossils.

There are two main methods determining a fossils age, relative dating and absolute dating.